Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Keyness in texts / edited by Marina Bondi and Mike Scott. p. cm. (Studies in Corpus Linguistics, issn. This is corpus linguistics with a text linguistic focus. The volume concerns lexical inequality, the fact that some words and phrases share the quality of being key. : Keyness in Texts (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) () : Marina Bondi, Mike Scott: Books.
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Words typically found in the same texts as a key word are called associates. Using the BNC as a reference corpus, keywords in the top 50 in all three groups of newspapers included: Keywords in Language and Literacy. Pattern Grammar [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 4]. The role of causality. How do structures arise from agency? Keywords and phrases in political speeches.
In Patterns and Perspectives: However, if we take the trouble to look in detail at the phraseological behaviour of individual closed-class keywords in their typical contexts of occurrence as revealed by the concordancer, we find that these ostensibly meaningless words can tell us at least as much about the preferred meanings of a particular discourse community as they can tell us about the preferred stylistic features associated with this community.
Do not weep, do not weep. Computers, language and characterisation: There is much more that could be said on these and many other observations arising from the data reviewed in this section, but to do so would be to go well beyond the scope of this article.
That is, a case will be made for discarding all of the open-class items in a keywords list as a preliminary step, and focusing instead on the closed-class keywords that remain e. However, the use of quite stringent p values such as. Early 20th century examples include a historical dictionary Ladendorf and a dictionary of keywords at the time of the Reformation Lepp If they are, they too will take the oath, or affirm, and be questioned and cross-examined.
The definition thus easily adapts to more complex units than the word, pointing towards a perspective that is gaining ground in presentday descriptive and theoretical language studies: Nevertheless, there are problems in identifying exactly what the keyness procedure comes up with and determining the boundaries of the research endeavour, and it is with these problems that we shall be chiefly concerned.
My version of corpus linguistics. Closed-class keywords as valid objects of analysis Our first task is to establish that closed-class keywords constitute valid objects of semantic analysis at all, as this is an idea that runs counter to certain strands of conventional wisdom in both mainstream linguistics and keywords research alike.
Three concepts of keywords. On this account, closed-class keywords would seem to be of no interest to the discourse analyst at all, given that the aim of discourse analysis as defined in this chapter is to identify the conventional meanings and values expressed in a corpus of texts. Yet this is precisely what is being proposed in this chapter. It is also worth noting on that the other 25 closed-class keywords studied in Groom proved equally consistent.
The meanings of words like alienation, capitalism, family, fiction, hegemony, literature, media, tradition etc.
Keyness in Texts (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) – PDF Free Download
Stubbs provides a case study. However, it is important to bear in mind that the identification of keywords in the corpus linguistic sense is performed by processing data using statistical formulae, and it can therefore never be fully analogous to human cognitive processing of text, which relies on introspective examination based on understanding of language, text, and culture see e.
It is at this level of speaker roles, speech events and speech acts that people understand such social events. Plot of IT in Hamlet’s own speeches 53 and the mentions of the play and players are centred roughly within the middle sections of the play, but clearly IT is spread throughout quite 54 Mike Scott globally.
This volume brings together work from some of the leading researchers in this field. The case of the word world.
Keyness in Texts
Fixed Expressions and Idioms in English. Scientific Discourse in Sociohistorical Context: For example, with respect to medicine, it can refer to a specific place e.
As already noted in the introduction, hyperlinking is an exceptionally salient type of endophoric reference and yet, paradoxically, notably imprecise in its application.
To establish the criterion of incongruity, required for metaphor identification, it was hypothesized that low-frequency content words would provide a source of metaphorically-used lexis. On the other, there are keywords that point at issues that may prove to be useful indicators of the communicative purpose and micro- or macro-structure of the text, what the text does and how. Corpus linguistics should be able to provide the missing link with a model of the relation between phraseology, speech acts, texts and social institutions by collecting material data on contextualized recurrent lexical patterns.
Textss corpus linguistics a key word is a word which occurs in a text more often than we would expect to occur by chance alone.
Keyness in keynesw and discourse: Journal of English Linguistics Signals of narrative development in business and economics. Part of their keymess communicative competence requires them to engage in particular speech events, with their peers and with their kwyness.
Corpus linguistics has the data and the methods, but has not yet co-ordinated studies in a way which can answer cognitive and social questions.
In Advances in Discourse Studies, V. Author-produced keywords are more flexible but they lack intersubjective comparability. It assumes 39 40 Michael Stubbs other concepts, such as cognitive schemata, textual collocates and semantic fields, text and text-type.
Overview of the chapters The first section of the book explores the notion of keyness from different points of view. One main difference to the public sphere is that anyone can be a neighbour, but not anyone can be a doctor. To illustrate some of these conclusions, let us now examine some examples of key words, using Hamlet as our source. General spoken language and school language: First, we may advance the claim that around a quarter of all instances of of in HistArt participate in keynes sequences expressing nominalized processes of various kinds.
It is less obvious but equally true of professional communication.