Echis ocellatus is a venomous viper species endemic to West Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized. (Source: Wikipedia. Photo: (c) Toby Hibbitts , all. Continent: Africa Distribution: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Senegal, Central African Republic, Guinea. Echis ocellatus ENGLISH African Saw Scaled Viper, Ocellated Carpet Viper, West African Carpet Viper, West African Saw Scaled Viper, GERMAN Augenfleck .

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The snakes of Mali. Echis carinatus ocellatus Stemmler, Echis carinatus leucogaster n.

Echis ocellatus | The Reptile Database

Please review our privacy policy. Durfa4 A. Renal Damage Recognised complication, usually secondary to coagulopathy. Reptiles from southern Benin, West Africa, with the description of a new Hemidactylus Gekkonidaeand a country-wide checklist. National Center for Biotechnology EcgisU.

A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. In many tropical countries men and women are equally exposed to the environmental and occupational hazards of snakebite. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 77 2: General Systemic Efhis Variable non-specific effects which may include headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dizziness, collapse or convulsions.

The bitten limb should be immobilised as effectively as possible using an extemporised splint or sling; if available, crepe bandaging of the splinted limb is an effective form of immobilisation.

Epidemiological studies in Nigeria and a review of the world literature. It should not be assumed that humankind currently knows all there is to know about any species, even for common species. Ocfllatus may be lifesaving for the mother, but management of reactions with the use of adrenaline echi compromise placental circulation and should be used cautiously and only when necessary.


Small Approx 20k version. The following should also be noted when reading information contained within the databases on this website: No subspecies are currently recognized.

The basis for reassurance is the fact that many venomous bites do not result in envenoming, the relatively slow progression to severe envenoming hours following elapid bites, days following viper bites and the effectiveness of modern medical treatment.

Habib1 S. The bitten limb must not be exercised as muscular contraction will promote systemic absorption of venom. From Wikipedia, the free oceplatus. Clin Toxicol Phila ; The main clinical features of E. Eyes are medium in size, prominent, set near the front of the head, with vertically elliptical pupils. This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat No sedatives outside hospital.

She was bitten on the left foot by oocellatus carpet viper 6 days prior to hospitalization while walking to the toilet. Here we have reviewed and re-analysed all published preclinical and clinical studies on envenoming and antivenom therapy conducted in West Africa to determine the effectiveness of antivenom.

She was treated by a traditional herbalist for 6 days and had vomited several times after ingesting concoctions. She achieved restoration of WBCT20 1 day after admission and was transfused with a pint of fresh whole blood, after which she immediately and spontaneously delivered a stillbirth. In other projects Wikispecies. Best viewed in x resolution or higher. Sexually mature females lay between 6 and 20 eggsusually at the end of the dry ecchis in February to March.


Severe swelling up to knee joint; bleeding at bite site.

Envenoming due to snake bite during pregnancy. Support Center Support Center. The snakes of Niger. Indeed, in advanced pregnancy victims should not be managed supine, as supine hypotensive syndrome might exacerbate hypotensive shock from envenoming or blood loss and contribute to mortality Sutherland et al. Snake venom is a mixture of complex biochemical compounds including potentially tocolytic substances that may induce uterine contractions but their exact role in premature labour and maternal morbidity is unknown.

Tetanus toxoid Paracetamol Adrenaline Hydrocortisone Chlorpheniramine. Theakston5 L. Most common cause for snake-bite mortality in Senegal Trape et al.

Snake venom of Echis ocellatus

Phylogeny, historical biogeography and systematics of the medically important viper genus Echis Squamata: Yusuf2 J. Salako4 and D. Bonn zoological Bulletin 66 2: Most active during the early hours of the evening. Find more photos by Google images search: The effect of maternal envenomation by Lcellatus haje Egyptian cobra snake on the developing central nervous system.