ERROR ANALYSIS, INTERLANGUAGE AND. SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION. S. P. Corder. University of Edinburgh. 1. In the course of learning a second. Error analysis and interlanguage. Front Cover. Stephen Pit Corder. Oxford University Press, – Language Arts & Disciplines – pages. “Corder, S. Pit. Error Analysis and Interlanguage. Oxford: Oxford University Press, ” Canadian Modern Language Review, 40(4), pp. –.

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The second type of criticism seeks to show that given its theoretical and methodological assumptions, CA is in principle incapable of accounting for learner behavior. This chapter, although it does not solve the problem of equivalence, shows how much CA has gained in rigor and sophistication from the application of current generative theory. In the words of Ferguson”.

Deviancy from grammatical or phonological norms of a speech community elicits evaluational reactions that may classify a person unfavorably p. This concern is reflected not only in the way writers of pedagogical grammars draw attention to the potential “pitfalls” in the TL, but also in the many lists of “common errors” prepared by experienced teachers.

While the most widely used criterion in the literature has been that of translation equivalence, the term has been used rather loosely. One of the notable exceptions is Oksaar The goals of EA Given this redefinition of the notion of error, it follows that the goals of EA as conceived previously also need to be redefined.

Error analysis (linguistics)

But by early s, CA was already open to attack on both external grounds of empirical validity and internal theoretical foundationsleading Selinker to wonder that CA was still thriving “at a period when a serious crisis of confidence exists as to what it is” Selinkerp.


What the study of IL needs is empirical evidence validating each of the psychological constructs posited by Selinker. The Chomskyan revolution in linguistics gave a fresh impetus to CA, not only making it possible for the comparisons to be more explicit and precise, but also giving it what seemed to be a more solid theoretical foundation by claiming the existence of “language universals” but cf. Even a cursory glance at the extensive bibliographies by Hammer and Rice and Gageas well as the volumes of IRAL, Language Learning and other journals, reveals that the major emphasis has been on contrasting phonological systems.

Yet, until recently a typical EA went little beyond impressionistic collections of “common” errors and their taxonomic classification into categories mistakes of agreement, omission of articles, etc. Part of the problem may have to do with the rapid change in syntactic theory in the last thirty years that has left the “applied” linguist constantly trying to catch up with the new developments.

Despite these many and varied claims, it is still correct, however, to say that the primary goal of all the three areas of research has been to facilitate TL learning by providing insights into the nature of the learner’s performance.

If anything, the controversy seems to have clarified the possibilities and limitations of CA and its place, along with other components, in the task of accounting for the nature of the learner’s performance. CorderCookRichards a. Thus, it is quite obvious that there are some kind of interrelationship between competence and performance; somehow, a speaker can perform well if he or she has had already a satisfied linguistics knowledge.


Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Three aspects of the TG model have profoundly influenced CA: May Learn how and when to remove this template message. ED Levenstonon the other hand, points out the possibility of multiple translation equivalents d.

After all, there have been scores of instances in the published literature of the last decade where the predictions of Interlanguags have been borne out by empirical results see, for example, DuskovaSchachterBieritz among others.

Herts, ; T. In the above example, “I angry” would be a local error, since the meaning is apparent. Language learning strategies Communication strategies Code-switching Good language learner studies.

The intelranguage emphasis in this approach to error is obvious. Harvard University Press, Close mobile search navigation Article navigation.

International Review of Applied Linguistics 12 Error Analysis approach overwhelmed and announced the decline of the Contrastive Analysis which was only effective in phonology.

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He justified the proposed revision in viewpoint on the basis of “the substantial similarities between the strategies employed by the infant learning his native language and those of the second language learner. CA and Linguistic Models Since comparison depends on description, there exists an inevitable implicational relationship between CA and linguistic theory.

Weinreich was the first and perhaps still the best extensive study of the mechanisms of bilingual interference.